The romance novel or romantic novel, places its primary focus on the relationship and romantic love between two people, and must have an “emotionally satisfying and optimistic ending.” It focuses on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters. It can also be labeled as the expressive and pleasurable feeling from an emotional attraction towards another person often associated with sexual attraction. In traditional literary terms, a narration of the extraordinary exploits of heroes, often in exotic or mysterious settings. Most of the stories of King Arthur and his knights are romances. The term romance has also been used for stories of mysterious adventures, not necessarily of heroes.
Romance fiction is smart, fresh and diverse. Whether you enjoy contemporary dialogue, historical settings, mystery, thrillers or any number of other themes, there’s a romance novel waiting for you. Some of the main characteristics of romantic literature include a focus on the writer or narrator’s emotions and inner world; celebration of nature, beauty, and imagination; idealization of women and many other traits that bind the most basic romantic elements together.
Romanticism in the other hand is a style of art and literature during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that emphasized the imagination and emotions. Romanticism, unlike the other “isms” is more intellectual. The term itself was coined in the 1840s, in England, but the movement had been around since the late 18th century, primarily in Literature and Arts. The basic idea in romanticism is that reason cannot explain everything.
Romance sub-genres include contemporary romance, historical romance, romantic suspense, paranormal romance, science fiction romance, fantasy romance, time-travel romances, inspirational romance, multicultural romance, erotic romance.
- Contemporary romance, the largest of the romance novel subgenres, is set in the time when they were written, and usually reflect the mores of their time.
- Category romances are short, usually no more than 200 pages, or about 55,000 words.
- Historical romance (also historical novel) is a broad category of fiction in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
- Regency romances are a subgenre of romance novels set during the period of the British Regency (1811–1820) or early 19th century.
- Medieval romance literature, a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance.
- Paranormal romance is a subgenre of both romantic fiction and speculative fiction. Paranormal romance focuses on romantic love and includes elements beyond the range of scientific explanation.
- And the list goes on…